Role of Comprehensive Rehabilitation Nursing in the Treatment of Lumbar Disc Herniation by Microscopic Minimally Invasive Channel
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of comprehensive rehabilitation nursing on the treatment of patients with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) by microinvasive microscope. 96 cases of lumbar disc herniation treated by micro-invasive channel technique under microscope from February 2016 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. According to different postoperative nursing methods, the patients were divided into control group and intervention group. Patients in the control group were given basic care, and patients in the intervention group were given physical function recovery exercise and psychological intervention on the basis of basic care. The symptoms and signs of the patients were studied by follow-up visits, telephone follow-up visits, and questionnaires. Oswestry dysfunction score, Japanese orthopedic association (JOA) low back pain score, visual analogue pain score (VAS), and self-rating depression scale (SDS) were recorded and analyzed before intervention and at 1, 2, and 3 months after surgery in the two groups. there was no significant difference in general data and disease-related data between the intervention group and the control group (P>0.05). After different interventions, the total score of Oswestry dysfunction in the intervention group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). The JOA low back pain score of the intervention group was higher than that of the control group (P< 0.05). The lumbar VAS score in the intervention group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). VAS scores of lower limbs in the intervention group were significantly different from those in the control group (P<0.01). The lumbar SDS score of the intervention group was higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). comprehensive rehabilitation nursing can significantly improve the postoperative pain and depression of patients with lumbar disc herniation.